The word "Mauser" can refer either to the German weapons manufacturer, the Mauser-Werke Oberndorf Waffensysteme GmbH, or to the series of bolt-action rifles the Mauser-Werke manufacturered for the German armed forces.
Mauser exported their design to several nations, so identification of the nationality of a Mauser rifle is important for collectors. Mauser also manufactured a series of pistols and semi-automatic rifles which are much easier to identify than the ubiquitous m and m series rifles.
Examine the rifle for an import stamp located along the barrel; this stamp should state the weapon's caliber, model and country of origin. Many imported rifles are stamped according to federal regulations and that stamp will settle your identification process quickly.
Examine the rifle for any other identifying markings on the receiver and on the stock; the original armorer may have stamped the rifle with markings identifying the factory of manufacture. These markings are often used to identify surplus rifles. Match the cartridge the rifle fires with a likely country of origin and model. Mauser-pattern bolt-actions were manufactured in countries including Germany, Turkey, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Belgium, Argentina and Chile, so the round the rifle fires can help you identify the rifle's origins and model, like the Argentine, Argentine, SpanishChilean and the Swedish Mausers fire 7.
Determine whether your rifle is a Gewehr 98k or Karabiner 98k if your rifle fires 7. These rifles were the famed standard-issue rifles of the German army through the first and second World Wars; should the rifle have a two- or three-alphanumeric code on the top of the receiver, the rifle is most likely a Gewehr 98k or Karabiner 98k. These numbers are the ordinance codes of German manufacturers. Items you will need Mauser rifle. Weapon Identification Examine the rifle for an import stamp located along the barrel; this stamp should state the weapon's caliber, model and country of origin.
Photo Credits.For less than that price, there are several long serving legacy military surplus rifles out there that can offer a whole lot of bang for the buck. The German arms conglomerate of DWM Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabrikencommonly known as Mauser, was for several decades the Microsoft of military bolt-action rifle companies.
The Mauser turn-bolt action was the standard not just for reliability but also for strength across the globe. Kale in Turkey made Mauser pattern rifles. These guns are available in a wide range of calibers from 6. The Lee bolt-action designs of these guns was so slick and smooth that, when coupled with the large magazine, a skilled shooter could fire up to aimed shots in a single minute.
These rifles were standard in the British Army from togiving hard service in World Wars, Korea and a host of colonial hotspots.
The guns are also accurate, with several variants serving as the basis for sniper rifles that remained in front line service as late as the s.
If you are building your own private shooting club and looking for a deal on a crate of old surplus rifles, the Mosin-Nagant could be your way to go.
Back inRussia had a Tsar who kept the only standing million-man standing army in the world. These hardy peasant conscripts needed a foolproof, simple, and strong rifle that could endure the swamps and mud of the Western Ukraine, the harsh deserts of Central Asia and the ice fields of Siberia while still being capable of aimed shots out to yards.
The gun chosen for this was the M91 Mosin-Nagant. Chambered in relatively easy to find 7. Yes, you can still buy these guns by the crate. These guns can be readily upgraded with aftermarket stocks and magazines such as those by Archangel. The Emperor of Japan in the late s wanted a modern bolt-action rifle for his military that could compete with the best guns of the Western armies. This led to the strongly constructed Arisaka rifle, named after its inventor, Colonel Arisaka Nariakira.
These guns in several different types served the Empire throughout both World Wars while surplus weapons would pop up in wars around the Far East for decades after. Many WWII Pacific vets brought home souvenir Arisakas in their duffle bag on magic carpet trips home after the war usually destined to become wall hangers or deer guns.
Please check back in approximately 30 minutes, when our upgrade will be complete. Thank you for your patience. The History of Mauser The name Mauser is one of the oldest names in firearms.
From the end of World War II through the late s, many thousands of Mauser rifles hit American shores via the surplus market. While many were preserved in their original military configuration, a great number were sporterized for hunting and target shooting. The action made for an economical sporting rifle build when compared to sporting rifles built by Remington, Winchester, and Savage.
Typically, the barrel was replaced and the stock either modified or changed out to what is known as a sporter stock. These rifles were popular and chief alternatives to newly manufactured domestic made hunting rifles. The older sporterized rifles were often converted and housed in stocks of questionable origin. While there are many that reflect master craftsmanship with regard to caliber conversions, trigger work and handmade stocks; the majority were put into the cheapest stocks that could be found or had the original military stocks cut and altered.
Photo Source: Paul Mauser Archive. Not only was it one of the most widely distributed military bolt-action rifles in history, but it has influenced the designs of many modern bolt-action rifles over years later.
They also manufactured, or had manufactured under license, tens of thousands of what are known as small ring Mausers such as the 91, 93, 94, 95 and 96 models. The action is strong enough to handle belted Magnum cartridges such as the Winchester Magnum.
This made them an ideal candidate for sporting rifle conversions. It has small differences such as the handguard and sights and a straight bolt handle as opposed to the turned down version found on the 98K. Their lower price made them desirable for the art of sporterizing. Mauser Argentino Perhaps one of the most graceful looking Mauser rifles of all time, the Argentino sports fine roll marks and national crests on the barrel and receiver. Many of these were ground off as the rifles often switched sides by partisans and invading armies in South America and the loss of these markings lead to their devaluation and potential collect-ability and thus, their potential for sporter conversions.
Swedish Mauser Swedish Mausers are a small ring Mauser that have an interesting history with some of the rifles being manufactured in Germany and the rest manufactured in Sweden. Of note is that the German-made rifles were constructed from high grade tool steel with elements of nickel, copper, and vanadium in the alloy.
This material was supplied by Sweden to build the rifles to their own specifications. M Turkish Mauser One of the cheapest Mauser rifles to be had from the surplus market is the Turkish Model of Based on the 98 Action, these rifles were chambered in 7.
Upgrading your Mauser Stocks With a proper trigger and a good hardwood stock from Boydsmany of the Mauser rifles can be given new life as a hunting or target rifle. The same can be said of older sporter conversions that may have been stuck in a cheap synthetic stock or one of wood that is showing its age. A Boyds custom hardwood stock will improve the look, feel, and accuracy of virtually any rifle, particularly these old Mausers that may clutter the used section of your local gun shop.
A special design was implemented for the Argentino due to its unique characteristics. There are 15 available configurations for the 98 Action—a dozen or so for the small ring and 8 for the Argentino rifle.The best Mauser was also the original, copied by every major rifle maker and never beaten.
Sniper Rifles of World War II
It was and remains first in strength, reliability, accuracy, and safety. Built for the rigors of combat, the K98k served its users well for a lifetime. The final long-slide, side-mount model of the renowned German Army sniper rifle of World War II used both scope and iron sights. The first of the long-eyed Relief Snipers—the original scout rifle—is copied even today. One estimate of the number of Mauser rifles produced is an astounding million.
Many believe that the Germans marked every rifle with a secret factory code, a date code, and military inspection stamps with proof marks, depending on where the rifle was manufactured.
More rifles were built that were intended for other countries as well. The famous Nazi eagle—both with and without an associated inspector number—appeared on rifles produced during These two markings were stamped on various individual parts depending on when and in which factory the rifle was manufactured.
Of particular interest are some sniper rifles that make use of the original long-eye relief system. They are the famous ZF models with the long-eye scope mount built into the rear sight base. Some sniper rifle models have high turret mounts, while others have the German long claw-type mounts. Even today, Mauser rifles are highly regarded globally for their strength, reliability, and legendary accuracy. Mauser senior married inand the couple eventually had 13 children.
Another Mauser, son Franz, immigrated to America in and worked at E. Peter Paul Mauser was drafted into the Prussian Army inbecoming an artilleryman at the Ludwigsburg arsenal, where he began his own career as a gunsmith. Using the Dreyse needle gun as a model, Mauser developed his own rifle with a turn bolt mechanism that cocked the gun as it was manipulated by its firer.
Mauser Karabiner 98K
At first, this weapon also used a firing pin that fired a rear ignition cartridge. The company was moved to Leige, Belgium, the following year, but when the French showed no interest in a Chassepot model, the partnership was dissolved.
By mid, both Mauser brothers, Peter Paul and Wilhelm, returned to Oberndorf, where they continued developmental work on the new rifle.Although supplemented by semi- and fully automatic rifles during World War II, it remained the primary German service rifle until the end of the war in Millions were captured by the Soviets at the conclusion of World War II and were widely distributed as military aid.
The Karabiner 98k therefore continues to appear in conflicts across the world as they are taken out of storage during times of strife. In February the Heereswaffenamt Army Weapons Agency ordered the adoption of a new military rifle. The Karabiner 98k was derived from earlier rifles, namely the Mauser Standardmodell of and the Karabiner 98b, which in turn had both been developed from the Gewehr Since the Karabiner 98k rifle was shorter than the earlier Karabiner 98b the 98b was a carbine in name only, a version of Gewehr 98 long rifle with upgraded sightsit was given the designation Karabiner 98 kurzmeaning "Carbine 98 Short".
The pattern 7. It was found that the s. Patroneoriginally designed for long range machine gun use, produced less muzzle flash out of rifles that had a shorter barrel and also provided better accuracy. Because of this the S Patrone was phased out in and the s. Patrone became the standard German service ball cartridge in the s. The Karabiner 98k is a controlled-feed bolt-action rifle based on the Mauser M98 system.
Its internal magazine can be loaded with five 7. This change made it easier to rapidly operate the bolt, reduced the amount the handle projected beyond the receiver, and enabled mounting of aiming optics directly above the receiver. Each rifle was furnished with a short length of cleaning rod, fitted through the bayonet stud. The joined rods from 3 rifles provided one full-length cleaning rod.
The metal parts of the rifle were blueda process in which steel is partially protected against rust by a layer of magnetite Fe 3 O 4. Such a thin black oxide layer provides only minimal protection against rust or corrosion, unless also treated with a water-displacing oil to reduce wetting and galvanic corrosion. The impractical "Langevisier" or "rollercoaster" rear sight of the Mauser Gewehr was replaced with a conventional tangent leaf sight.
The Karabiner 98k rear tangent sight was flatter compared to and does not obstruct the view to the sides during aiming as the Langevisier long sight.
Originally, the Karabiner 98k iron sight line had an open-pointed-post-type front sight, and a tangent-type rear sight with a V-shaped rear notch. These standard sight lines consisted of somewhat coarse aiming elements, making it suitable for rough field handling, aiming at distant area fire targets and low-light usage, but less suitable for precise aiming at distant or small point targets. It is graduated for 7. Patrone cartridges loaded with The sight line of early productions rifles have the ranging scale copied at the bottom of the tangent aiming element for setting the range whilst lying down.
Early Karabiner 98k rifles had solid walnut wood or from some had solid oak wood one-piece stocks. From onwards the rifles had laminated stocksthe result of trials that had stretched through the s. The laminated stocks were, due to their dense composite structure, somewhat heavier compared to one-piece stocks.
The butts of the semi-pistol grip Karabiner 98k stocks were not uniform. Until early the stocks had a flat buttplate. After some stocks had a cupped buttplate to prevent the separation of the butt stock. All stocks had a steel buttplate.Bangor, Maine - Ammoland. The K98 was the standard issue rifle for one of the most notorious and violent regimes in history, Nazi Germany.
The rifle went on to see use in other conflicts after World War Two and was even used ironically by the Israelis.
The K98 is also regarded as one of the finest military bolt action rifles in history. The Gew 98 action was the final product of several years of development and earlier Mauser designs such as the Model, and rifles.
The Gew 98 proved to be a reliable weapon but it was long and heavy. Carbine versions of the Gew 98 had been issued in smaller numbers to specialized German troops during World War One but they never became standardized. Following the war both FN in Belgium and the Czechs began producing a shortened version of the 98 Mauser called the Model The Model was sold all over the world and was a success.
To get around the Treaty of Versailles the Standard Modell was intended for export rather than domestic sale, however some of these guns were bought within Germany. This rifle had a turned down bolt handle, and had the same barrel length as the Standard Modell. Further improvements and changes were made to the Reichspost Rifle which resulted in the K98 rifle, which was adopted as a the standard rifle of the German Army in K98s were produced by a wide variety of companies including Erma, Mauser Oberndorf, J.
Sauer, and Steyr. Over 14 million were produced by the end of World War Two, making it one of the most widely produced infantry rifles of all time. When Germany invaded Poland inthe K98 would have the chance to go to war. The gun was used in every major battle and theater where Germany fought including North Africa, Eastern Europe, France, and the Balkans. Although there were semi automatic and select fire weapons available later in the war, such as the G43 and MP43, there were never enough to supplant the K98 as the standard service rifle.
Some K98 rifles were fitted with 1. These were not intended to be sniper rifles but rather to be given to infantrymen who demonstrated superior marksmanship abilities. This concept is similar to the role of designated marksmen in the US Military today who have specialized rifles like M14s, or the MK12 Special Purpose rifle. Other K98 rifles were set up as sniper rifles. K98 sniper rifles had a variety of mounts and optics. These optics were larger than the ZF41 and varied from 4x power to 8x power scopes.
As the tide of war changed against Nazi Germany, changes were made to simplify K98 rifle production. More stamped parts such as the front bands, and magazine floorplates were used instead of earlier milled parts. In late a further simplified K98 was introduced called the Kriegsmodell. Kriegsmodell rifles lacked bayonet lugs, and disassembly discs in their stocks. These rifles also featured a rougher finish than earlier rifles. The Volkstrum consisted of both old and young Germans, and they were meant to be a last defense against the invading Allied Armies.
After World War Two the K98 was still used by other nations, despite more advanced arms being available. Israel used many K98 Mausers in 7. Yugoslavia had captured many of the weapons and refurbished them, and so did the Soviet Union.
Today prices for K98 Mausers in the American market are on the rise. Non import marked and all original matching examples fetch very high prices. Rarer manufacturers and variations of the K98 command higher prices. Sniper rifles are a popular and valuable version of the K98, and as a result are often faked. More common K98s sometimes have faked matching parts in an attempt to raise the rifles price.World War II sniper rifles were often updated World War I models made better with new telescopic sights and upgrades to make them more easily employed in combat.
Photo: U. Army via Imperial War Museum. The bolt-action weapon used a five-round internal magazine. A German sniper with a Mauser 98 and his spotter.
Photo: German federal archives. The weapon as a whole had a revolutionary design that was copied by others across the world. German troops carried it in both world wars, but many other countries have used it. Photo: British War Office Capt. But the No. The British military fielded a sniper version with a 3. The Australians used the older No.
Photo: Public Domain. The Soviet version of the Mosin-Nagant was a update of an enormously successful weapon. Inthe Soviets began modifying new Mosin-Nagants as sniper weapons by reconfiguring the handles to receive telescopic sights and lighter triggers. While the stocks warped in some weather, its accuracy made it a choice of snipers on both sides of the conflict anyway.
Check out the Weaponology video below to learn more about these weapons. The rifle portion begins at In the IRR? The military may want you back if you served in one of these jobs.
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